Western and african philosophy

A Final Report, University of Nairobi: This is going to mean a tremendous change in world opinion, and attitude, for all people and races who accept the new philosophy of Africa redemption, i.

It became apparent to many—though by no means to all—of the contemporary pioneers of Africana philosophy within academic philosophy that this image of the ideal philosopher was not appropriate for respectfully identifying or characterizing many of the philosophically thoughtful and expressive persons African and of African descent, those, especially, who lived several centuries ago.

Diop had begun the challenging work of reclaiming African heritages decades earlier by arguing in a dissertation submitted for the Ph. The Middle Ages gave way to the Renaissance. Myth and Reality to drive a long nail in the coffin. Continue life during what would Western and african philosophy out to be centuries-long colonization and enslavement, of brutal, brutalizing and humiliating gendered and racialized oppression?

The articulations of a significant number of such persons have been preserved in the vast body of writings contending with enslavement, with aspirations and quests for freedom and justice, with what a constitutionally democratic and multiracial United States of America ought to be in order to include Coloured people as full citizens and fully respected human beings.

Whereas the Traditionalists aver that the studies of the philosophical Western and african philosophy in world-view of the people constitute African philosophy, the Universalists insist that it has to be a body of analytic and critical reflections of individual African philosophers.

Omoregbe broadly defines a philosopher as one who attempts to understand the world's phenomena, the purpose of human existence, the nature of the world, and the place of human beings in that world.

For the failure of this group of scholars to prove that dark complexioned Africans were the authors of Egyptian philosophy, one must abandon the Egyptian legacy.

Thoughts of members of the Excavationism movement like Kwame Nkrumah, Leopold Sedar Senghor and Julius Nyerere in the early period can be brought under this school. Examples include African socialismNkrumaismHarambee and Authenticite African ethics[ edit ] Although Africa is extremely diverse, there appear to be some shared moral ideas across many ethnic groups.

Aristotle[ edit ] Aristotle was a pupil of Plato. Other indigenous sages, who may be wise in some sense, but not critically oriented, act as repositories of the statements of the beliefs of their communities, which they have learned and can repeat, or teach, to others exactly as they are supposed to be remembered.

This became a something of a dead-end for this illustrious group, which struggled against evolutions in their positions. Socrates asks primary questions upon which the exposition of ideas by his interlocutor is based. He wrote about physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, politics and logic.

Their enterprise falls within the movement of Critical Reconstructionism of the later period. A critique of the rigor of African philosophy as a discipline. Problems of African Philosophy. Eclecticism survived in the New Era of African philosophy in conversational forms.

Critics of this approach argue that the actual philosophical work in producing a coherent philosophical position is being done by the academic philosopher such as Algoaand that the sayings of the same culture can be selected from and organised in many different ways in order to produce very different, often contradictory systems of thought.

Because of pertinent problems such as these, further evolutions in African philosophy became inevitable. He maintained that the sages he and his disciples interviewed were the owners of their own ideas.

Western Philosophy

Abanuka posits in his work that a veritable way to doing authentic African philosophy would be to recognize the unity of individual things and, by extension, theories in ontology, epistemology or ethics. Hence, he reasoned, people of color should leave the country for South America—though later he would advocate emigrating to Africa—to establish their own independent nation-state.

These actors felt that the African could never be truly decolonized unless he found his own system of living and social organization. Ibn Rushd philosophised along more Aristotelian lines, establishing the philosophical school of Averroism.

Loyola University Press, A Humanist in Zambia: A Short History of African Philosophy. Socrates used a critical approach called the " elenchus " or Socratic method to examine people's views.

Africana Philosophy

Thomas Aquinas Thomas Aquinasan academic philosopher and the father of Thomismwas immensely influential in Catholic Europe; he placed a great emphasis on reason and argumentation, and was one of the first to use the new translation of Aristotle's metaphysical and epistemological writing.

Intuitively, almost every analyst knows that discussing what has been discussed in Western philosophy or taking a lead from Western philosophy does not absolutely negate or vitiate what is produced as African philosophy. He was the founder of the African Civilization Society, an organization that promoted emigration of American Negroes to Africa in keeping with a more positive agenda than was the case with the American Colonization Society, which was organized by White people to foster the relocation of troublesome abolitionist free Negro people to Liberia, the colony founded with federal support by White Americans intent on preserving the institution of slavery and White Racial Supremacy.

And this means that the history of philosophy consists not simply of dead museum pieces but of ever-living classics—comprising a permanent repository of ideas, doctrines, and arguments and a continuing source of philosophical inspiration and suggestiveness to those who philosophize in any succeeding age.

An Introduction to the Main Philosophical Trends in Contemporary Africa attempt to excavate the philosophical elements in folklore and myth. Answers and objections to answers soon took the shape of a debate, characterizing the middle period as the era of the Great Debate in African philosophy.

While systematicity is important to the structure and consistency of good thinking, neither it nor preservation of thought necessarily requires literacy. The premise here is that, although most societies demand some degree of conformity of belief and behaviour from their members, a certain few of those members reach a particularly high level of knowledge and understanding of their cultures' worldviews; such people are sages.

The Book of Igbo Proverbs. Knowledge, Belief and Witchcraft:In general, this website is limited to a discussion of Western Philosophy, although a brief overview of Eastern Philosophy and African Philosophy are also provided.

Over the centuries, Western Philosophy has strongly influenced and been influenced by Western religion, science, mathematics and politics. The march of African philosophy in this second half of the twentieth century is fraught with many difficulties.

Its brief history is so far marked by some progress, obviously not rectilinear but nonetheless exhibiting overall advances even though punctuated by fluctuations, oscillation, and. “African Sage Philosophy” is the name now commonly given to the body of thought produced by persons considered wise in African communities, and more specifically refers to those who seek a rational foundation for ideas and concepts used to describe and view the world by critically examining the justification of those ideas and concepts.

In general, this website is limited to a discussion of Western Philosophy, although a brief overview of Eastern Philosophy and African Philosophy are also provided. Over the centuries, Western Philosophy has strongly influenced and been influenced by Western religion, science, mathematics and politics.

Review Rethinking the comparison between African and Western Philosophies Abiodun Moses, Jinadu Department of Philosophy, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. The march of African philosophy in this second half of the twentieth century is fraught with many difficulties.

Its brief history is so far marked by some progress, obviously not rectilinear but.

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Western and african philosophy
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